Specimen citation guidelines
Specimen Citations Formatting Guide
This formatting guide is meant as a tool for easy databasing the specimens published in JvS. If a database is already present this will make the formatting not necessary. The database will be added as supplementary files to the paper.
For a list of studied specimen start with each country and list these in alphabetical order in which each separate country is given in BOLD followed by colon Italy:
Then for each unique label start each label with a Left Double Quotation Mark “ (U 201C) and end with a Right Double Quotation Mark “ (U 201D)
Separate each line by a double Solidus // (U 002F)
Use a comma , (U 002C) between more labels on each pin
End with a comma and give the number of males ♂ (U 2642) and females ♀ (U 2640)with the appropriate signs 4♂♂, 1♀
Give the depository collection in parentheses () (U 0028 and U 0029) according to the codens. Give these abbreviations in the material and methods
Use original writings and language
Give unreadable items as Asterix * (U 002A) for each presumed character
Give translation and preferably geo-coordinates and if not present on the label between square brackets [ ] (U 005B and U 005D)
Use for latitude and longitude given on the label with degrees ° (U 00B0), minutes ′ (Prime symbol, U 2032) and seconds ″ (Double Prime symbol, U 2033).
If no coordinates are provided on the labels add them in decimals and between square brackets [49,04°, -122,79°]
Separate specimens with different labels with a semicolon ; (U 003B).
France: “France, Hautes-Alpes // Ailefroide camping // 44°53′00″ N 6°26′43″ E // 3-VII-2010, 1500 m a.s.l. // J. van Steenis”, 1♀ (JSA).
Switzerland: “Schweiz // Graubünden // Davos”, “Davos Platz [46,80°N, 9,80°E] // 1550-1950m // 15-7-1979 // J.A.W. Lucas”, 1♂ (NBC); “Schweiz Wallis // Orsières 900-1000 m // 24.VI.1996 // J.A.W. Lucas.”, 1♂ (NBC).
When the labels on several specimens differ in minor details use “same data as previous, except”.
Russia: “Яжера Лужск // Ленингр. о. [58,89°N 29,82°E] // Штакельберг 12.VII.957”, 1♂ (ZIN); same data as previous, except “4.VII.962”, 1♂ (ZIN).
In new described species add unique identifiers to each type species and red labels indicating the type status, the genus and specific epithet and the author(s) including year of publication, for paratypes red labels are preferred, however yellow labels can also be used. For holotypes only red labels should be used. The information on the type label does not need to be given for each specimen, but shown in the example below.
Type material: Holotype ♂, India: “Central India // T.R. Susai Nathan”, “Satpura Hills // Pachmarhi // 3500 ft. // -9-1970”, (NBC).